The Financial Stability Board (FSB) has today issued for public consultation policy proposals consisting of a set of principles and a detailed term sheet on the adequacy of loss-absorbing and recapitalisation capacity of global systemically important banks (G-SIBs).
The proposals respond to the call by G20 Leaders at the 2013 St. Petersburg Summit to develop proposals by end-2014. They were developed by the FSB in consultation with the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) and will, once finalised, form a new minimum standard for “total loss-absorbing capacity” (TLAC). The new TLAC standard should provide home and host authorities with confidence that G-SIBs have sufficient capacity to absorb losses, both before and during resolution, and enable resolution authorities to implement a resolution strategy that minimises any impact on financial stability and ensures the continuity of critical economic functions.
By strengthening the credibility of authorities’ commitments to resolve G-SIBs without exposing taxpayers to loss, TLAC in conjunction with other measures should act to remove the implicit public subsidy from which G-SIBs currently benefit when they issue debt and incentivise creditors to better monitor G-SIBs’ risk-taking. It should also help achieve a level playing field internationally, reducing G-SIBs’ funding cost advantage and ensuring they compete on a more equal footing within their home and foreign markets.
TLAC adequacy will need to take account of individual G-SIBs’ recovery and resolution plans, their systemic footprints, business models, risk profiles and organisational structures. The principles and term sheet therefore provide guidance for home and host authorities on how to determine a firm-specific Pillar 2 TLAC requirement in addition to the common Pillar 1 TLAC minimum. The calibration and composition of firm-specific TLAC requirements should be determined in consultation with Crisis Management Groups and subject to review in the FSB’s Resolvability Assessment Process (RAP).
In early 2015, the FSB will, with the participation of the BCBS and the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), undertake comprehensive impact assessment studies to inform the calibration of the Pillar 1 element of the TLAC requirement for all G-SIBs. The TLAC proposals will be finalised by the time of the next G20 Leaders’ Summit in 2015 taking account of the results of this consultation and of the impact assessments.
Mark Carney, Chair of the FSB, said: “Agreement on proposals for a common international standard on total loss-absorbing capacity for G-SIBs is a watershed in ending “too big to fail” for banks. Once implemented, these agreements will play important roles in enabling globally systemic banks to be resolved without recourse to public subsidy and without disruption to the wider financial system.”