FSB finds non-bank financial intermediaries now account for almost 50% of global financial assets

The Financial Stability Board (FSB) today published the Global Monitoring Report on Non-Bank Financial Intermediation 2020. The report presents the results of the FSB’s annual monitoring exercise to assess global trends and risks in non-bank financial intermediation (NBFI). The report covers data from 29 jurisdictions, representing over 80% of global GDP.

The annual monitoring exercise focuses particularly on those parts of NBFI that may pose bank-like financial stability risks and/or involve regulatory arbitrage (the so-called narrow measure of NBFI). While the majority of this report is based on end-2019 data and therefore predates the COVID-19 pandemic, the trends described contribute to an understanding of the backdrop and some of the vulnerabilities that became apparent during the March market turmoil. In addition, two case studies are included in the report that analyse the impact of the COVID-19 shock on the NBFI sector in general and on money market funds specifically.

Main findings from this monitoring exercise include:

  • In 2019 the growth of the NBFI sector again outpaced that of banks. At a global level, the NBFI sector grew by 8.9% in 2019 to $200.2 trillion to account for 49.5% of total global financial assets, driven mainly by increases in investment funds, pension funds and insurance corporations. In over one third of the reporting jurisdictions, the NBFI sector represented more than 50% of the financial system.
  • The narrow measure of NBFI grew by 11.1% to $57.1 trillion in 2019, at a faster pace than the 2013-18 average annual growth rate of 7.1%. It now represents 14.2% of total global financial assets. This growth was driven mainly by collective investment vehicles with features that make them susceptible to runs, which grew by 13.5% in 2019, increasing their share to 72.9% of the narrow measure.

Klaas Knot, Vice Chair of the FSB and Chair of the Standing Committee on Vulnerabilities Assessment, said “The annual monitoring exercise furthers our understanding of vulnerabilities within the NBFI sector. The FSB will take steps to strengthen this monitoring as part of our ambitious work programme to strengthen the resilience of non-bank financial intermediation.”

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