Basel III capital ratios for largest global banks fell to pre-pandemic levels in H1 2022, latest Basel III monitoring exercise shows

  • Initial Basel III capital ratios decreased to pre-pandemic levels in H1 2022 and liquidity ratios declined but remained above pre-pandemic levels.
  • The latest monitoring report includes a special feature on the regional distribution of Group 1 and Group 2 banks and their impact on results in the Basel III monitoring reports.
  • Dashboards now provide an interactive visualisation of the results for securitisation and cryptoasset exposures as well as the impact of the final Basel III framework on banks’ minimum required capital.

Basel III capital ratios for a sample of the largest global banks decreased from their record highs in H2 2021 to pre-pandemic levels in H1 2022, according to the latest Basel III monitoring exercise, based on 30 June 2022 data, published today. The leverage ratio fell on average across all regions, after showing some volatility during the pandemic period.

The dividend payout ratio continued its upward trend as banks no longer face restrictions in dividends that member jurisdictions introduced at the onset of the pandemic.

The report sets out the impact of the Basel III framework, including the December 2017 finalisation of the Basel III reforms and the January 2019 finalisation of the market risk framework. It covers both Group 1 and Group 2 banks (see note to editors for definitions).

The implementation of the final Basel III minimum requirements began on 1 January 2023. For this reporting period, the average impact of the fully phased-in final Basel III framework on the Tier 1 minimum required capital (MRC) of Group 1 banks is +2.8%, compared with +2.4% at end-December 2021. Group 1 banks reported total regulatory capital shortfalls amounting to €7.8 billion, compared with a shortfall of €0.3 billion at end-December 2021, due to an improvement in data reporting quality.

The monitoring exercises also collect bank data on Basel III liquidity requirements. The weighted average Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) decreased from the prior reporting period to 138.4% for Group 1 banks. For this reporting period, three Group 1 banks reported an LCR below the minimum requirement of 100% as they used the flexibility embedded in the Basel framework to use their stock of high-quality liquid assets (HQLA) during the pandemic period.

The weighted average Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR) decreased to 123.5% for Group 1 banks. As of June 2022, all banks in the NSFR sample reported a ratio that met or exceeded the minimum requirement of 100%.

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